Applying Statistical Tools for the Assessment of Groundwater Quality In and Around Patiala City of Punjab, India

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Abhimanyu Singh, Kailash C. Bhatt, A.H. Khan, Indu, Swati Gupta, Surabhi Surya and Jamshed Zaidi

 Institute of Environmental and Development Studies, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi-284128.

Indian Institute of Toxicology Research Center, Lucknow-226003

 

Present study was focused to monitor the potable groundwater quality in the selected sites along Patiala-Baadi River, which is running across the Patiala city. Since 3-4 decades the various type of effluent comes from industrial, domestic in addition to agricultural runoff. The work have been carried out to study physico-chemical characterizes viz. pH, EC, TDS, F, Cl, Na, Zn, and Fe to evaluate the groundwater quality and their statistical correlation. The calculation of WQI (water quality Index) is 45.18 and it comparing with Indian Standard Drinking Water (IS 10500: 2012), results groundwater quality of Patiala city in the range of slightly polluted which are not suitable for drinking purposes without treatment but it is suitable for agricultural and other domestic purposes. During investigation, correlation of TDS has been worked out with rest of analyzed water quality parameters and it shows positive correlation.

 

Keywords: Groundwater, Heavy metals; Patiala city; Physico-chemical parameters, WQI.

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